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Regular version of the site

Science, Technology and Innovation Development

International workshop "Science, Technology and Innovation Development” was held at Higher School of Economics on July 11-13, 2011

International workshop "Science, Technology and Innovation Development” was organized jointly by the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK), Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (Fraunhofer ISI) the ISSEK Research Laboratory for Economics of Innovation and Research Laboratory for Science and Technology Studies on July 11-13, 2011.

Speakers presented at the workshop their reports containing results of theoretical and empirical research (case studies). The main purpose of the event was sharing experiences between world-renowned scientists and young specialists, as well as development of international cooperation for further implementation of international research projects.

Professor Leonid Gokhberg (HSE) and Dr. Annette Kuebler (Fraunhofer ISI) in their opening speeches emphasized a high level of research conducted in both institutions, as well as significant potential for further cooperation.

The first session was devoted to global challenges, technology shifts, and Foresight.  Professor Alexander Sokolov (HSE) presented the research program of the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) in 2011 – 2013, focusing on the characteristics of Foresight studies in Russia.  His report is supplemented by Dr.Oleg Karasev (HSE) with a more detailed description of the trends in Foresight research related to the development of nanotechnology in Russia.

Dr. Michael Krail (Fraunhofer ISI) in his presentation analyzed global challenges and technological limitations caused by environmental issues.  He spoke about the technological shifts in the transport sector in Germany, caused by the need to reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere.
Vitaly Lavrov (HSE) introduced the basic tools of energy saving policy in Russia, focusing on the process of setting standards in this area.  

At the next session government regulation of scientific-technical and innovation policy was discussed. In particular, the process of setting national priorities in the field of science, technology and innovation was discussed.
Bruno Granshe (Fraunhofer ISI) presented an analysis of major trends in development of "user" or "friendly" technologies, characterized by high adaptability and speed of distribution among consumers.
Anna Zaitseva (HSE) expanded the scope of the presented concept, outlining the boundaries of "user innovation" and appropriate approaches to innovation policy.
Anna Pozniak (HSE), examined the evolution of approaches to the selection of priorities by the example of the critical technologies of Science and Technology of the Russian Federation. She told about  opportunities and advantages of the formal codification of the most important areas of innovation

At the third session the speakers moved from the state innovation policy to innovation strategies of companies.  Development of so-called open innovation was called a key problem in this area. Open innovation is a new form of knowledge transfer in the innovation economy, involving spread of innovation outside companies, which is mutually beneficial for the economic agents. 
Dr. Dirk Meissner (HSE) presented the results of several studies on evaluating the role of open innovation in corporate strategic planning. 
Then Benjamin Teufel (Fraunhofer ISI) described the shaping of the main strategies of corporate innovation portfolio (portfolio of new products) in Germany, using innovative projects of individual companies as examples. 
In response, Arthur Boyarov (HSE) analyzed the formation of innovation strategies of the Russian state corporations.  Elena Vetchinkina and Konstantin Vishnevskiy (HSE) described methods of technology audit and the technological road maps as examples of innovative tools for strategic planning of corporations.

Fourth session of the workshop was devoted to the analysis of innovation markets and industries, and innovative consumer behavior. Representatives from Fraunhofer ISI examined in detail the area of new transportation industry, in particular, a promising market for electric vehicles.
Dr. Patrick Ploetz introduced a methodology for econometric modeling of complementary technologies development in electromobility industry. 
Tim Hetteshaimer suggested an alternative approach.  He spoke about the principles of technology planning in the sector, based on a study of consumer demand.
Uta Schneider formulated the final theses, describing a system of consumer preferences in the segment of electric vehicles and the direction of its transformation.

A broader approach to the analysis of innovative consumer behavior was presented in a joint report of Dr. Olga Shuvalova and Konstantin Fursov (HSE).  Empirical data, collected by the speakers, described a variety of innovative practices of innovative behavior of the households, including the innovative skills, attitudes to innovation, etc.

Particular interest of the audience was aroused by presentation of Davy van Doren (Fraunhofer ISI), dedicated to identifying emerging technologies and analyzing the impact of national innovation policies aimed at supporting them.

The fifth session covered issues of knowledge transfer in the innovation economy.  Macro- approach to the identified problems and related measures of the state policy were presented by Dr. Henning Kroll (Fraunhofer ISI).  In particular, he presented evaluation of effectiveness of individual policy measures aimed at promoting technology transfer in China, Germany and the USA. 
The micro- approach (i.e. at the level of decision-making within a company) to the diffusion and absorption of innovations was described in of Geoff Tuff’s presentation (Monitor Group, the USA). 

Professor  Marina Doroshenko (HSE), introduced the results of a survey of science-intensive sectors of business services in Russia.  In addition, a question was raised about the role of scientific institutions as a source of knowledge, technologies and models for implementing innovative products and services into the production process. 
Stanislav Zaichenko (HSE) presented the results of a survey on innovation activities of the research organizations in Russia and, strategies of scientific and technological results transfer, in particular.
In addition, Frederick Dornbusch (Fraunhofer ISI) presented the results of the theoretical and methodological model of the spatial analysis of the interaction of research groups in the process of knowledge transfer.

At the closing session methodological issues and methodology for measuring the capacity and performance in science and innovation were discussed. 
The session was opened by a lecture by Giulio Perani (ISTAT) on the methodology of the European survey on innovative companies in CIS.  Vitaly Roud (HSE) illustrated the possibilities of CIS by presenting results of a survey on innovation activities of Russian companies, focusing on the characteristics of their innovative strategies. 

In conclusion, Dr. Thomas Gshtrauntaler (HSE) presented approaches to measurement and evaluation of innovative capacities, used by potential investors of innovative companies.

Besides the thematic reports and presentations, Dr.  Constantine Chernykh (Fraunhofer ISI), and Professor Alexander Sokolov (HSE) summed up the joint activities of Fraunhofer ISI and HSE, highlighting promising directions for future cooperation.  In particular, noting the positive experience of research projects implemented by the institutions, the speakers identified new areas of cooperation, including training of young researchers, attracting German experts to participate in Foresight projects in Russia, developing a program of co-financing of research projects, etc.