Advancements in science and technology are one of the necessary factors for economic wellbeing of a state, define its position and role at the world market, and serve the necessary basis служит of technological availability and independence from other countries that allows addressing key economic and social issues. Today Russian policy-makers underscore the importance of resource concentration for the development of key research and technology areas, and this requires valid information on state-of-the-art of national research and innovation system, as well of its separate segments, trends and factors that hinder further progress. In order to obtain such information a methodological base should be in place for analysis of key national science and technology indicators, forecasting their dynamics. Therefore, the activity of the Laboratory for Science and Technology Studies (LST) is timely and relevant. LST undertakes research aimed at systematic description and classification of approaches to foresight studies of science, technology and innovation, development and advancement of methods that could and should be used in studies performed at national, sectoral and corporate levels.
Another important research task is the assessment of certain research and technology areas, the advancement of which contributes to responses to modern global challenges. Implementation of this task has a research, as well as instrumental (applied) value, as it allows for timely formulation of science and technology policy priorities and instruments based on objective empirical data.
The research tasks listed above, their relevance and timeliness, contributed to the identification of major LST research areas in 2014-2016:
- development of new and advancement of existing methods and instruments for research and technology studies, as well as research and technology policy(including Foresight methodology, quantitative studies of science and technology and specific policy instruments);
- monitoring and evaluation of science, technology and innovation policy(including global trends, priority-setting and selection of policy instruments, evaluation of science, technology and innovation policy).
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